Fiji, covering a total land area of 18,376 km2, consists of more than 300 islands, mostly of mountainous terrain and volcanic origin. Eighty-five percent of the total area is composed on its two largest islands—Viti Levu and Vanua Levu.
With most of the developmental interventions in the area confi ned to coastal areas, this has put growing pressure on coastal resources. Increasing population, urbanization, and industrial and economic development are identified as the main drivers for such a situation. Coastal development has resulted in the degradation of natural habitat (due to inappropriate agricultural activities, mining, etc.), pollution due to improper waste disposal, increased withdrawals from freshwater sources, and depletion of coastal fisheries.
Water Authority of Fiji